Asymmetric synthesis of beta-amino-gamma-substituted-gamma-butyrolactones: double diastereoselective conjugate addition of homochiral lithium amides to homochiral alpha,beta-unsaturated esters.
Cailleau T., Cooke JW., Davies SG., Ling KB., Naylor A., Nicholson RL., Price PD., Roberts PM., Russell AJ., Smith AD., Thomson JE.
Chiral alpha,beta-unsaturated esters, containing a single, gamma-stereogenic centre, show modest levels of substrate control upon conjugate addition of lithium dibenzylamide. Double diastereoselective conjugate additions of homochiral lithium N-benzyl-N-(alpha-methylbenzyl)amide to the homochiral alpha,beta-unsaturated esters display "matching" and "mismatching" effects. In each case, however, these additions proceed under the dominant stereocontrol of the lithium amide to give the corresponding beta-amino esters in high de. A remarkable reversal in stereoselectivity is noted by changing the ester functionality to an oxazolidinone. Subsequent O-deprotection and cyclisation of the resultant beta-amino adducts gives access to the corresponding beta-amino-gamma-substituted-gamma-butyrolactones in good yield and high de.