Selective small molecule inhibitors of the potential breast cancer marker, human arylamine N-acetyltransferase 1, and its murine homologue, mouse arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2.
Russell AJ., Westwood IM., Crawford MH., Robinson J., Kawamura A., Redfield C., Laurieri N., Lowe ED., Davies SG., Sim E.
The identification, synthesis and evaluation of a series of rhodanine and thiazolidin-2,4-dione derivatives as selective inhibitors of human arylamine N-acetyltransferase 1 and mouse arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 is described. The most potent inhibitors identified have submicromolar activity and inhibit both the recombinant proteins and human NAT1 in ZR-75 cell lysates in a competitive manner. (1)H NMR studies on purified mouse Nat2 demonstrate that the inhibitors bind within the putative active site of the enzyme.