Ammonium-directed oxidation of cyclic allylic and homoallylic amines.
Bond CW., Cresswell AJ., Davies SG., Fletcher AM., Kurosawa W., Lee JA., Roberts PM., Russell AJ., Smith AD., Thomson JE.
The ammonium-directed olefinic oxidation of a range of cyclic allylic and homoallylic amines has been investigated. Functionalization of a range of allylic 3-(N,N-dibenzylamino)cycloalk-1-enes with m-CPBA in the presence of Cl(3)CCO(2)H gives exclusively the corresponding syn-epoxide for the 5-membered ring (>99:1 dr), the anti-epoxide for the 8-membered ring (>99:1 dr), and predominantly the anti-epoxide for the 7-membered ring (94:6 dr). Oxidation of the homoallylic amines 3-(N-benzylamino)methylcyclohex-1-ene and 3-(N,N-dibenzylamino)methylcyclohex-1-ene gave, in both cases, the corresponding N-protected 1,2-anti-2,3-syn-3-aminomethylcyclohexane-1,2-diol with high levels of diastereoselectivity (>or=90:10 dr). The versatile synthetic intermediates resulting from these oxidation reactions are readily transformed into a range of amino diols.