Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We characterized the effects of intracellular Mg(2+) (Mg(2+) (i)) on potassium currents mediated by the Kv1.5 and Kv2.1 channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Increase in Mg(2+) (i) caused a voltage-dependent block of the current amplitude, apparent acceleration of the current kinetics (explained by a corresponding shift in the steady-state activation) and leftward shifts in activation and inactivation dependencies for both channels. The voltage-dependent block was more potent for Kv2.1 [dissociation constant at 0 mV, K(d)(0), was approximately 70 mM and the electric distance of the Mg(2+) binding site, delta, was 0.2] than for the Kv1.5 channel [K(d)(0) approximately 40 mM and delta = 0.1]. Similar shifts in the voltage-dependent parameters for both channels were described by the Gouy-Chapman formalism with the negative charge density of 1 e(-)/100 A(2). Additionally, Mg(2+) (i) selectively reduced a non-inactivating current and increased the accumulation of inactivation of the Kv1.5, but not the Kv2.1 channel. A potential functional role of the differential effects of Mg(2+) (i) on the Kv channels is discussed.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00249-004-0423-2

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur Biophys J

Publication Date

02/2005

Volume

34

Pages

42 - 51

Keywords

Animals, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Intracellular Fluid, Ion Channel Gating, Kv1.5 Potassium Channel, Magnesium, Membrane Potentials, Oocytes, Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated, Shab Potassium Channels, Xenopus laevis