A definitive synthesis of D-myo-inositol 1,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate and its enantiomer D-myo-inositol 3,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate from a novel butane-2,3-diacetal-protected inositol.
Mills SJ., Riley AM., Liu C., Mahon MF., Potter BV.
New and rapid syntheses of the enantiomeric intracellular signalling molecules d-myo-inositol 1,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate (1 a) and D-myo-inositol 3,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate (1 b) are described. The synthetic strategy employs the novel butane-2,3-diacetal-protected (BDA-protected) myo-inositol (+/-)-3 ab, directly accessible from myo-inositol on a large scale, and an optical resolution with diastereoisomeric (R)-(-)-acetylmandelate esters. The X-ray crystal structure of (+/-)-4, an unusual side product of acid-catalysed reaction of myo-inositol with butanedione is also presented, and the absolute configurations of 1 a and 1 b are definitively assigned by conversion of key precursors into (+)-bornesitol and L-iditol hexaacetate, respectively. Biological activity of synthetic 1 b was confirmed in comparison with the natural polyphosphate.