Synthesis and Ca2+-mobilizing activity of purine-modified mimics of adenophostin A: a model for the adenophostin-Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptor interaction.
Rosenberg HJ., Riley AM., Laude AJ., Taylor CW., Potter BVL.
The synthesis of a series of adenophostin A analogues modified at C-6 and C-2 of adenine is described. The target compounds were synthesized by a convergent route involving a modified Vorbrüggen condensation of either 6-chloropurine or 2,6-dichloropurine with a protected disaccharide, yielding two versatile intermediates capable of undergoing substitution with a range of nucleophiles. The new analogues showed a range of abilities to mobilize Ca(2+) from the intracellular stores of permeabilized hepatocytes and are among the first totally synthetic compounds to approach the activity of adenophostin A. In agreement with the biological results, docking studies of adenophostin A using the recently reported X-ray crystal structure of the type 1 Ins(1,4,5)P(3) receptor binding core suggested that, in likely binding modes of adenophostin A, the area around N(6) may be relatively open, identifying this region of the adenophostin A molecule as a promising target for further elaboration. The docking results also point to specific interactions involving residues within the binding domain of the Ins(1,4,5)P(3) receptor that may be involved in the molecular recognition of the adenophostins.