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3 beta-Hydroxycholest-5-en-7-one (I; 7-ketocholesterol) is an oxysterol of continuing interest in biology and medicine. In the present study, we have prepared a side-chain fluorinated analog, 3 beta-hydroxy-25,26,26,26,27,27,27-heptafluorocholest-5-en-7-one (VI), with the anticipation that the F7 substitution would block major metabolism of the 7-ketosterol, and thereby enhance its potential in vivo effects on serum cholesterol levels and other parameters. Chromium trioxide/dimethyl pyrazole oxidation of the acetate derivative of the previously described 25,26,26,26,27,27,27-heptafluorocholest-5-en-3 beta-ol (Swaminathan et al., 1993. J. Lipid Res. 34, 1805-1823) followed by mild alkaline hydrolysis gave VI. The effects of VI on 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase activity in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells, on acyl coenzyme A-cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) activity in rat jejunal microsomes, and on serum cholesterol levels and other parameters in male Sprague-Dawley rats were determined and compared with those obtained with I and with another alpha, beta-unsaturated ketosterol, i.e. 3 beta-hydroxy-5 alpha-cholest-8(14)-en-15-one (II). I and VI showed essentially the same potency, considerably less than that of II, in lowering the levels of HMG-CoA reductase activity in CHO-K1 cells. Whereas addition of II to rat jejunal microsomes inhibited ACAT activity (IC50 approximately 3 microM), I and VI had no effect under the conditions studied (from 1 to 16 microM). Dietary administration of I, at levels of 0.1 and 0.15%, had no effect on food consumption, gain in body weight, or serum cholesterol levels. At 0.2%, I caused a modest decrease in body weight gain and a slight decrease in serum cholesterol levels (relative to ad libitum but not pair-fed control animals). The F7-7-ketosterol VI, at 0.26% in diet (the molar equivalent of 0.2% I), had no effect on food consumption, body weight, or serum cholesterol levels. Administration of I (0.1, 0.15 or 0.2% in diet) caused increases in the weight of small intestine. In contrast, no effect of VI (0.26% in diet) on small intestinal weight was observed.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Chem Phys Lipids

Publication Date

08/1998

Volume

94

Pages

209 - 225

Keywords

Animals, Anticholesteremic Agents, CHO Cells, Cholesterol, Cricetinae, Cricetulus, Enzyme Inhibitors, Feeding Behavior, Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases, Jejunum, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Male, Microsomes, Molecular Structure, Organ Size, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Sterol O-Acyltransferase