Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: The burst suppression (BS) EEG patterns induced by general anesthesia can react to somatosensory stimuli. We investigated this reactivity by studying the effect of peripheral nerve stimulation used for routine intraoperative spinal cord monitoring by somatosensory evoked potentials on BS patterns. METHODS: The relative time spent in suppression expressed as BS ratio (BSR) and mean burst duration were measured before (BSR(Pre)), during (BSR(Stim)), and after (BSR(Post)) a 60-second repetitive electrical ulnar nerve stimulation in nine patients under total intravenous general anesthesia with propofol. The BS reactivity was measured as BSR(Pre)-BSR(Stim). RESULTS: Overall, 27 trials were included with BSR(Pre) up to 77%, indistinguishable from BSR(Post). During stimulation, the mean BSR transiently decreased from 42% to 35%. For each 1% increase in BSR(Pre), the BS reactivity increased with 0.6%, whereas the burst duration remained approximately 3 seconds. For BSR(Pre) below 30%, the BS reactivity was negligible. CONCLUSIONS: Data from this study show that somatosensory input can evoke bursts, altering the "spontaneous" deep BS patterns (BSR(Pre) >30%). Further studies are necessary to objectively assess the clinical relevance of stimulus-induced BS reactivity during deep general anesthesia.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/WNP.0000000000000034

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Clin Neurophysiol

Publication Date

04/2014

Volume

31

Pages

133 - 137

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Anesthesia, General, Electric Stimulation, Electroencephalography, Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Monitoring, Intraoperative, Reaction Time, Spinal Cord Diseases, Young Adult