Calcium Signalling Triggered by NAADP in T Cells Determines Cell Shape and Motility During Immune Synapse Formation.
Nebel M., Zhang B., Odoardi F., Flügel A., Potter BV., Guse AH.
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) has been implicated as an initial Ca(2+) trigger in T cell Ca(2+) signalling, but its role in formation of the immune synapse in CD4(+) effector T cells has not been analysed. CD4(+) T cells are activated by the interaction with peptide-MHCII complexes on the surface of antigen-presenting cells. Establishing a two-cell system including primary rat CD4(+) T cells specific for myelin basic protein and rat astrocytes enabled us to mirror this activation process in vitro and to analyse Ca(2+) signalling, cell shape changes and motility in T cells during formation and maintenance of the immune synapse. After immune synapse formation, T cells showed strong, antigen-dependent increases in free cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)] i ). Analysis of cell shape and motility revealed rounding and immobilization of T cells depending on the amplitude of the Ca(2+) signal. NAADP-antagonist BZ194 effectively blocked Ca(2+) signals in T cells evoked by the interaction with antigen-presenting astrocytes. BZ194 reduced the percentage of T cells showing high Ca(2+) signals thereby supporting the proposed trigger function of NAADP for global Ca(2+) signalling. Taken together, the NAADP signalling pathway is further confirmed as a promising target for specific pharmacological intervention to modulate T cell activation.