Synthesis and evaluation of analogues of estrone-3-O-sulfamate as potent steroid sulfatase inhibitors.
Lawrence Woo LW., Leblond B., Purohit A., Potter BV.
Estrone sulfamate (EMATE) is a potent irreversible inhibitor of steroid sulfatase (STS). In order to further expand SAR, the compound was substituted at the 2- and/or 4-positions and its 17-carbonyl group was also removed. The following general order of potency against STS in two in vitro systems is observed for the derivatives: The 4-NO(2) > 2-halogens, 2-cyano > EMATE (unsubstituted)>17-deoxyEMATE > 2-NO(2) > 4-bromo>2-(2-propenyl), 2-n-propyl > 4-(2-propenyl), 4-n-propyl > 2,4-(2-propenyl)= 2,4-di-n-propyl. There is a clear advantage in potency to place an electron-withdrawing substituent on the A-ring with halogens preferred at the 2-position, but nitro at the 4-position. Substitution with 2-propenyl or n-propyl at the 2- and/or 4-position of EMATE, and also removal of the 17-carbonyl group are detrimental to potency. Three cyclic sulfamates designed are not STS inhibitors. This further confirms that a free or N-unsubstituted sulfamate group (H(2)NSO(2)O-) is a prerequisite for potent and irreversible inhibition of STS as shown by inhibitors like EMATE and Irosustat. The most potent derivative synthesized is 4-nitroEMATE (2), whose IC(50)s in placental microsomes and MCF-7 cells are respectively 0.8 nM and 0.01 nM.