First dual aromatase-steroid sulfatase inhibitors.
Woo LWL., Sutcliffe OB., Bubert C., Grasso A., Chander SK., Purohit A., Reed MJ., Potter BVL.
Aromatase inhibitors in clinical use block the biosynthesis of estrogens. Hydrolysis of estrone 3-sulfate by steroid sulfatase is an important additional source of tumor estrogen, and blockade of both enzymes should provide a more effective endocrine therapy. Sulfamoylated derivatives of the aromatase inhibitor YM511 inhibited sulfatase and aromatase in JEG-3 cells with respective IC(50) values of 20-227 and 0.82-100 nM (cf. letrozole, 0.89 nM). One dual inhibitor was potent against both enzymes in vivo, validating the concept.