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There is currently considerable interest in the use of the endogenous oestrogen metabolite, 2-methoxyoestradiol (2-MeOE2) for the treatment and prevention of breast cancer. We have previously shown that sulphamoylation of 2-MeOE2 and related derivatives greatly enhances their ability to inhibit the proliferation of ER+ and ER- breast cancer cells. In this study, we have compared the abilities of 2-methoxyoestradiol-bis-sulphamate (2-MeOE2bisMATE) and 2-ethyloestradiol-bis-sulphamate (2-EtE2bisMATE) with that of 2-MeOE2 to inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells when grown on three different substrata: plastic, collagen I and Matrigel. The human breast cell line MCF-7 was utilised for these studies together with its doxorubicin resistant variant, MCF-7 DOX40 and mitoxantrone resistant variant, MCF-7 MR, as a longitudinal model of in vitro drug resistance. On a plastic substratum all three cell lines were sensitive to the effects of 2-MeOE2bisMATE and 2-EtE2bisMATE whereas MCF-7 cells and the MCF-MR variant cells were resistant to the effects of 2-MeOE2 at 1 microM. The sensitivity of the cell lines to those compounds also remained significant when grown on more physiological substrata. All of the drugs tested arrested cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. The finding that breast cancer cells that are resistant to conventional chemotherapeutic agents remain sensitive to 2-substituted oestrogen sulphamates offers considerable potential for the treatment of women with drug-resistant breast cancer.

Type

Conference paper

Publication Date

02/2003

Volume

84

Pages

269 - 278

Keywords

Biocompatible Materials, Breast Neoplasms, Cell Cycle, Cell Division, Collagen, Drug Combinations, Estradiol, Estriol, G2 Phase, Humans, Laminin, Mitosis, Models, Chemical, Plastics, Proteoglycans, Sulfonic Acids, Tumor Cells, Cultured