Cytosolic Ca2+ oscillations in REF52 fibroblasts: Ca(2+)-stimulated IP3 production or voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels as key positive feedback elements.
Harootunian AT., Kao JP., Paranjape S., Adams SR., Potter BV., Tsien RY.
Oscillations in cytosolic free calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i) can be elicited in REF52 fibroblasts by three different modes of stimulation. We have previously demonstrated that [Ca2+]i oscillations result when these cells are simultaneously depolarized and stimulated with a hormone linked to phosphoinositide breakdown. Further evidence is now presented that such oscillations are linked to fluctuations in the concentration of IP3 and the Ca2+ content of an IP3-sensitive Ca2+ store. [Ca2+]i oscillations can also be generated in REF52 cells either by direct stimulation of G-proteins with GTP gamma S or AlF4- or by destabilizing the membrane potential and opening voltage-dependent calcium channels. This report compares the different types of oscillations and their mechanisms.