Biphenyl 2,3',4,5',6-pentakisphosphate, a novel inositol polyphosphate surrogate, modulates Ca2+ responses in rat hepatocytes.
Vandeput F., Combettes L., Mills SJ., Backers K., Wohlkönig A., Parys JB., De Smedt H., Missiaen L., Dupont G., Potter BV., Erneux C.
Benzene polyphosphates containing phosphate groups on one ring are Ins(1,4,5)P3 5-phosphatase inhibitors when evaluated against type-I Ins(1,4,5)P3 5-phosphatase. A novel biphenyl derivative, biphenyl 2,3',4,5',6-pentakisphosphate, with five phosphate groups on two rings was synthesized: It inhibited the activity of two inositol 5-phosphatases: type I and SHIP2 with Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 as substrate. The inhibition was competitive with respect to the substrate. IC50 value measured in rat hepatocytes, which contains the native Ins(1,4,5)P3 5-phosphatase, was in the micromolar range at 1.0 microM Ins(1,4,5)P3 as substrate. Biphenyl 2,3',4,5',6-pentakisphosphate did not affect the activity of Ins(1,4,5)P3 3-kinase A in the 5-100 microM range. Surprisingly, experimental evidence supports an effect of biphenyl 2,3',4,5',6-pentakisphosphate at the level of the Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptor. Finally, when injected into rat hepatocytes, the analog affected the frequency of Ca2+ oscillations in a positive or negative way depending on its concentration. At very high concentrations of the analog, Ca2+ oscillations were even suppressed. These data were interpreted as a dual effect of the biphenyl 2,3',4,5',6-pentakisphosphate on cytosolic [Ca2+] increases: an activation effect through an increase in Ins(1,4,5)P3 level via Ins(1,4,5)P3 5-phosphatase inhibition and an inhibitory effect, which was exerted directly on the Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptor. Thus, our data show for the first time that the frequency of Ca2+ oscillations in response to a Ca2+-mobilizing agonist can be controlled by inhibitors of type-I Ins(1,4,5)P3 5-phosphatase.