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Inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (IP4), is a ubiquitous inositol phosphate that has been suggested to function as a second messenger. Recently, we purified and cloned a putative IP4 receptor, termed GAP1(IP4BP)[1], which is also a member of the GAP1 family of GTPase-activating proteins for the Ras family of GTPases. A homologue of GAP1(IP4BP), called GAP1(m), has been identified [2] and here we describe the cloning of a GAP1(m) cDNA from a human circulating-blood cDNA library. We found that a deletion mutant of GAP1(m), in which the putative phospholipid-binding domains (C2A and C2B) have been removed, binds to IP4 with a similar affinity and specificity to that of the corresponding GAP1(IP4BP) mutant. Expression studies of the proteins in either COS-7 or HeLa cells showed that, whereas GAP1(IP4BP) is located solely at the plasma membrane, GAP1(m) seems to have a distinct perinuclear localisation. By mutational analysis, we have shown that the contrast in subcellular distribution of these two closely related proteins may be a function of their respective pleckstrin homology (PH) domains. This difference in localisation has fundamental significance for our understanding of the second messenger functions of IP4.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Curr Biol

Publication Date

01/12/1997

Volume

7

Pages

1007 - 1010

Keywords

Animals, Binding Sites, Blood Proteins, COS Cells, Cell Membrane, HeLa Cells, Humans, Inositol Phosphates, Phosphoproteins, Proteins, Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Sequence Deletion, Structure-Activity Relationship, Subcellular Fractions, ras GTPase-Activating Proteins