The soluble transcobalamin receptor (sCD320) in relation to Alzheimer's disease and cognitive scores.
Abuyaman O., Combrinck M., Smith AD., Nexo E.
The soluble transcobalamin receptor (sCD320) is present in cerebrospinal fluid and correlates with the dementia-related biomarkers phospho-tau and total-tau. Here we present data on the relation of sCD320 to Alzheimer's disease and scores of cognitive tests. Lumbar cerebrospinal fluid samples from 42 pathologically-confirmed cases of Alzheimer's disease and 25 non-demented controls were analyzed for sCD320 employing an in-house ELISA. The participants' cognitive functions were tested using the Cambridge Cognition Examination (CAMCOG) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). There was no significant difference in the median CSF sCD320 concentration between patients and controls. The median (2.5-97.5 percentiles) sCD320 for all participants (n = 67) was 15 (3-29) pmol/L. We observed a non-linear correlation between sCD320 and cognitive scores. Spearman's correlation between sCD320 and total CAMCOG scores was 0.627 (n = 16, p = .009) for CAMCOG scores ≤27, and -0.293 (n = 39, p = .071) for CAMCOG scores ≥68. Spearman's correlation between sCD320 and both the low (≤9) and high (≥16) total MMSE scores was 0.274, -0.363 (n = 18, 44), p = .272, .016, respectively. In conclusion, sCD320 cannot be employed as a biomarker for differentiating Alzheimer dementia patients from controls. Further studies are warranted to explore the non-linear correlations between sCD320 and scores of cognitive function.