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An explanation of the complex effects of hormones on intracellular Ca2+ requires that the intracellular actions of Ins(1,4,5)P3 and the relationships between intracellular Ca2+ stores are fully understood. We have examined the kinetics of 45Ca2+ efflux from pre-loaded intracellular stores after stimulation with Ins(1,4,5)P3 or the stable phosphorothioate analogue, Ins(1,4,5)P3[S]3, by simultaneous addition of one of them with glucose/hexokinase to rapidly deplete the medium of ATP. Under these conditions, a maximal concentration of either Ins(1,4,5)P3 or Ins(1,4,5)P3[S]3 evoked rapid efflux of about half of the accumulated 45Ca2+, and thereafter the efflux was the same as occurred under control conditions. Submaximal concentrations of Ins(1,4,5)P3 or Ins(1,4,5)P3[S]3 caused a smaller rapid initial efflux of 45Ca2+, after which the efflux was similar whatever the concentration of Ins(1,4,5)P3 or Ins(1,4,5)P3[S]3 present. The failure of submaximal concentrations of Ins(1,4,5)P3 and Ins(1,4,5)P3[S]3 to mobilize fully the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ stores despite prolonged incubation was not due either to inactivation of Ins(1,4,5)P3 or to desensitization of the Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptor. The results suggest that the size of the Ins(1,4,5)P3 sensitive Ca2+ stores depends upon the concentration of Ins(1,4,5)P3.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biochem J

Publication Date

15/02/1990

Volume

266

Pages

189 - 194

Keywords

Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Calcium, Glucose, Hexokinase, Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate, Ionomycin, Kinetics, Liver, Male, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains