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In experiments, which were carried out with the use of a radioactive label (45Ca2+) on the suspension of rat uterus myocytes treated by digitonin solution (0.1 mg/ml), influence of Mg ions and spermine on Mg2+, ATP-dependent Ca2+ transport in mitochondria and sarcoplasmic reticulum was investigated. Ca2+ accumulation in mitochondria (1324 +/- 174 pmol Ca2+/10(6) cells for 1 min - the control) was tested as such which was not sensitive to thapsigargin (100 nM) and was blocked by ruthenium red (10 microM). Oxalate-stimulated Ca2+ accumulation in sarcoplasmic reticulum (136 +/- 17 pmol Ca2+/10(6) cells for 1 min - the control) was tested as such which was not sensitive to ruthenium red and was blocked by thapsigargin. It has been shown, that initial speed and level of energy-dependent Ca2+ accumulation in mitochondria considerably exceeded the values of these parameters for sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-accumulation system. Ca2+ accumulation kinetic in mitochondria was characterized by a steady-state phase (for 5-10 min. of incubation) while accumulation kinetic of this cation in sarcoplasmic reticulum corresponded to zero order reaction. Increase of Mg2+ concentration up to 5 mM led to activation of Ca2+-accumulation systems in mitochondria and sarcoplasmic reticulum (values of activation constants K(Mg) for Mg2+ were 2.8 and 0.6 mM, accordingly). Concentration dependence of spermine action on Ca2+ accumulation in mitochondria was described by a dome-shaped curve with a maximum at 1 mM spermine. In case of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump only the inhibition phase was tested at spermine concentration above 1 mM. However values of inhibition constants for both transporting systems were practically identical--5.2 +/- 0.6 and 5.7 +/- 0.7 mM, accordingly. Hence, Mg ions carry out the important role in regulation of energy-dependent Ca2+ transporting systems both in uterus smooth muscle mitochondria and sarcoplasmic reticulum. Spermine acts first of all on mitochondrial calcium uniporter.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Ukr Biokhim Zh (1999)

Publication Date

09/2004

Volume

76

Pages

52 - 60

Keywords

Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Biological Transport, Calcium, Cells, Cultured, Female, Kinetics, Magnesium Chloride, Mitochondria, Myocytes, Smooth Muscle, Myometrium, Organelles, Rats, Sarcoplasmic Reticulum, Spermine